Complete Migration Policy Indicators
Migrant’s Access to Services (UDHR, arts. 1-2)
Open a bank account
Access to housing
- (All U.S.) Fair Housing Act prohibits race and national origin discrimination in sales and rentals of housing.
- In California is not legal to ask for the immigration status.
- San Diego Housing Commission.
Access to healthcare
- Medi-Cal: program that covers medical expenses for individuals with low income.
Available for: legal resident immigrants (≥5 years) – qualify; undocumented ≤25 years old – qualify; undocumented ≥26 years old – emergencies or pregnancy;
- Vaccine free, regardless the immigration status.
- Who can get vaccinated and when
The right to education (UHRD art. 23)
Access to education
- There is no federal or state law that prohibits the admission of undocumented immigrants to U.S. colleges, public or private.
- California extends in-state tuition rates to undocumented students through state legislation and currently allow undocumented students to receive state financial aid.
Labor protections (UHRD Article 23)
Wage theft legislation
- Wage Theft Prevention Act (AB 469), Employee Classification Act (SB 459).
With a few exceptions, undocumented workers enjoy all of the legal rights and remedies provided by both Federal and California law.
Right to unionize
COVID-19 Relief or unemployment benefits
- Yes, mainly NGOs’ programmes.
The right to liberty and security of person (UDHR Art. 3)
State / Municipal ID
Racial profiling in the state / municipality
- California Penal Code Section 13519.4 explicitly prohibits racial profiling.
- California’s Racial and Identity Profiling Act (AB 953).
- Reports in San Diego County.
Border Patrol chasing
Migrant Deaths since 2010
- 11 permanent checkpoints
8 checkpoints (1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8)
3 ports of entry (1-2-3)
3 service ports (1-2-3)